Flamenco Terms

Some Spanish terms that are important to be familiar with in studying flamenco.

Alegrias
- joy or happiness, a popular form in A or E major.
Braceo
- the arm movements of a flamenco dancers
Baile
- dance
Calo
- language of Spanish Gypsies
Cante
- song
Cante Chico
- light style of flamenco song
Cante Jondo
- deep and solemn style of flamenco song
Compas
- meter, the rythmic feel of a song or dance form
Contra-tiempo
- counter-rythm
Copla
- the set melodic pattern of a song
Cuadro
- a group consisting of flamenco singers, dancers and guitarists, including other musical accompaniment
Desplante
- portion of a dance and the accompanying music marking the end of a phrase with heelwork
Duende
- soul or spirit, good flamenco is said to have Duende
Escobilla
- a dance step which resembles the sweeping motion of a broom. A section of dance, most common in Alegrias
Falseta
- a melodic variation on the flamenco guitar
Fandango
- a popular song and dance form related to Sevillanas
Farruca
- flamenco dance form in 4/4 time
Floreo
- hand movements of dancers
Gitano
- another name for gypsy
Golpe
- related to footwork - full sole of foot striking floor
Jaleo
- shouts of encouragement, Ole! being the most common
Juerga
- a flamenco jam session or private party
Llamada
- a dance step to advice the guitarist of a change in a dancers variation
Letra
- the lyrics of a song
Palmas
- rythmic hand clapping
Palmeras
- people who do palmas
Paseo
- a dance step resembling walking or a promenade
Pasada
- passing a partner in dance
Pito
- finger snapping
Planta
- ball of foot
Punta
- toe of shoe
Remate
- the end of a phrase
Salida
- an introductory portion of a song or dance
Sevillanas
- alively and cheerful song and dance form in 3/4 time; from Sevilla
Soleares
- a form of cante jondo, it expresses deep sadness and loneliness
Tablao
- a stage or cafe where flamenco is performed
Tacon
- heel of shoe
Toque
- flamenco guitar
Zapateado
- footwork, also the name of a dance

Audio used is from Google Translate which has minor innaccuracies and will differ from the Andalucian Spanish accent most commonly used in flamenco.

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